Step 3 - Query the employees table using the global secondary index with overloaded attributes

You can query all the employees based in Washington state (WA) in the United States by running the following script, which includes code to query a table by using global secondary index overloading.

if attribute == 'name':
    ke = Key('GSI_1_PK').eq('root') & Key('GSI_1_SK').eq(value)
    ke = Key('GSI_1_PK').eq(attribute + "#" + value)

response = table.query(

Run the following AWS CLI command to run the script.

python employees state 'WA'

The script should give you output that looks like the following.

List of employees with WA in the attribute state:
    Employee name: Alice Beilby - hire date: 2014-12-03
    Employee name: Alla Absalom - hire date: 2015-06-25
    Employee name: Alvan Heliar - hire date: 2016-05-15
    Employee name: Anders Galtone - hire date: 2015-12-22
    Employee name: Ashil Hutchin - hire date: 2015-02-11
  Employee name: Sula Prattin - hire date: 2014-01-11
    Employee name: Vittoria Edelman - hire date: 2014-10-01
    Employee name: Willie McCuthais - hire date: 2015-05-27
Total of employees: 46. Execution time: 0.13477110862731934 seconds

You can try a different US state by changing the last parameter of the command. The following command queries all employees based in Texas.

python employees state 'TX'

The list of US states with some data in the sample data is: AZ, CA, CO, IL, IN, MA, MD, MI, NC, NY, OR, PA, TN, TX, and WA.

Using the same query, you can query the employees by job title. Run the following command as an example.

python employees current_title 'Software Engineer'

The preceding command will give you the following results.

 List of employees with Software Engineer in the attribute current_title:
    Employee name: Alice Beilby - hire date: 2014-11-03
    Employee name: Anetta Byrne - hire date: 2017-03-15
    Employee name: Ardis Panting - hire date: 2015-08-06
    Employee name: Chris Randals - hire date: 2016-10-27
    Employee name: Constantine Barendtsen - hire date: 2016-06-10
    Employee name: Eudora Janton - hire date: 2015-01-05
    Employee name: Florella Allsep - hire date: 2015-03-31
    Employee name: Horatius Trangmar - hire date: 2013-10-21
    Employee name: Korey Daugherty - hire date: 2016-11-03
    Employee name: Lenka Luquet - hire date: 2014-10-01
    Employee name: Leonora Hyland - hire date: 2016-06-14
    Employee name: Lucretia Ruffell - hire date: 2015-07-04
    Employee name: Malcolm Adiscot - hire date: 2014-04-17
    Employee name: Melodie Sebire - hire date: 2013-08-27
    Employee name: Menard Ogborn - hire date: 2014-06-27
    Employee name: Merwyn Petters - hire date: 2014-06-19
    Employee name: Niels Buston - hire date: 2014-10-30
    Employee name: Noelani Studde - hire date: 2015-03-30
Total of employees: 18. Execution time: 0.11937260627746582 seconds

You also can try a different title, as shown in the following AWS CLI command.

python employees current_title 'IT Support Manager'

The list of available titles is: Application Developer,Application Support Analyst,Applications Engineer,Associate Developer,Chief Technology Officer (CTO) ,Chief Information Officer (CIO) ,Computer and Information Systems Manager,Computer Systems Manager,Customer Support Administrator,Customer Support Specialist,Data Center Support Specialist,Data Quality Manager,Database Administrator,Desktop Support Manager,Desktop Support Specialist,Developer,Director of Technology,Front End Developer,Help Desk Specialist,Help Desk Technician,Information Technology Coordinator,Information Technology Director,Information Technology Manager,IT Support Manager,IT Support Specialist,IT Systems Administrator,Java Developer,Junior Software Engineer,Management Information Systems Director,.NET Developer,Network Architect,Network Engineer,Network Systems Administrator,Programmer,Programmer Analyst,Security Specialist,Senior Applications Engineer,Senior Database Administrator,Senior Network Architect,Senior Network Engineer,Senior Network System Administrator,Senior Programmer,Senior Programmer Analyst,Senior Security Specialist,Senior Software Engineer,Senior Support Specialist,Senior System Administrator,Senior System Analyst,Senior System Architect,Senior System Designer,Senior Systems Analyst,Senior Systems Software Engineer,Senior Web Administrator,Senior Web Developer,Software Architect,Software Developer,Software Engineer,Software Quality Assurance Analyst,Support Specialist,Systems Administrator,Systems Analyst,System Architect,Systems Designer,Systems Software Engineer,Technical Operations Officer,Technical Support Engineer,Technical Support Specialist,Technical Specialist,Telecommunications Specialist,Web Administrator,Web Developer,Webmaster

Using the same query with one change, you can query the employees by name, as shown in the following command.

python employees name 'Dale Marlin'

The preceding command should give you the following result.

 List of employees with Dale Marlin in the attribute name:
    Employee name: Dale Marlin - hire date: 2014-10-19
Total of employees: 1. Execution time: 0.1274700164794922 seconds


Congratulations, you have completed this exercise and demonstrated how the global secondary index key overloading design can support multiple access patterns. Use this pattern to fit different entity types in the same DynamoDB table and retain the ability to query the data on different partition keys with global secondary indexes. In the next exercise, you will learn about Sparse Global Secondary Indexes!